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11 Oct


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Editor Saying Thank You People For 255,000 Views Over The Past Year

25 Sep

On September 28th 2010 this blog switched from My Space to

Within that 12 month period readers have viewed the blog a total of 255,000 times.

As editor I want to say “THANK YOU PEOPLE”.

The name and address of the blog has been now changed to:

J. P. Anderson. Editor:

Paris: EURO + Eurozone F****D Osborne Warns Diddering EU Leaders

24 Sep

‘Six Weeks To Save The Euro’ Warns Osborne

Chancellor George Osborne has warned European leaders that they have six weeks to tackle the economic crisis engulfing the eurozone.

He spoke as stock markets around the world stabilised following heavy falls earlier in the week.

Mr Osborne said a meeting of the G20 nations in France in November remains the deadline for action to tackle the financial problems.

Speaking after meeting with fellow finance ministers from the group of developed and developing nations , he said there was a recognition of the need for urgency.

But Labour leader Ed Miliband renewed his calls for an earlier emergency meeting to agree “a plan for growth” to steer the global economy back towards recovery.

A late rally was not enough to prevent the FTSE 100 suffering its second worst weekly fall this year, losing 5.65, or £78bn, from its value.

Turmoil continued on markets across the globe as world leaders failed to ease global recession fears sparked by a gloomy outlook from America’s central bank, weak Chinese and eurozone economic data and the enduring sovereign debt crisis.

Prime Minister David Cameron used a speech in Canada last night to urge the eurozone to deal with its debt and the US to put its public finances back on a sustainable path.

And he put himself at the head of a six-nation bloc of G20 leaders signing a letter calling for “decisive action to support growth, confidence, and credibility”.

But Mr Miliband accused Mr Cameron of “lecturing” foreign leaders, when he had no more to offer them than the same austerity package being imposed in the UK.

Instead, he called for co-ordinated action by the G20 – whose members represent 85% of the global economy – to restore growth.

“What we need is a plan for growth here at home and across the world,” said the Labour leader.

“That’s the way we tackle the debt issues that we face.

“The problem is that the Prime Minister may have woken up to the crisis but he doesn’t have a plan to deal with it.”

“All the Prime Minister seems to be offering is to say ‘We have got austerity here and I am going to export it abroad’. That’s not a solution to the problems the world faces.”

:: Read more on the economic crisis: Live Blog: Global Stock Market Watch City Curbs Losses After Economic Crisis Alert :: G20 Leaders ‘Appeal For Action’. :: World Bank Chief Warns Of Darkening Outlook. :: IMF Gives Its Latest Assessment Of World Economy :: Financial Stability ‘Deteriorates For First Time Since Lehman Bros’. :: Time For The Bitter Pill? Asks Sky Correspondent

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Berlin: Police Appeal To Identify English-Speaking Teenage Boy Who Lived In Forest

18 Sep


Interpol, the world’s largest police organisation, is investigating whether a teenager who emerged in Berlin saying he had been living in the woods for five years is listed as a missing British child.

The 17-year-old, called Ray, appeared at Berlin’s city hall on September 5 and was taken in by a youth emergency centre after explaining that his father had died two weeks earlier and he had buried him in the woods.

The boy, who says he does not remember where his family came from, said he followed his compass north to reach the city.

Found: Ray, the boy who lived in woods for five yearsFound: Ray, the boy who lived in woods for five years 

Living rough: Teenager claims he had been in the woodland in Germany for the last five years until his father diedLiving rough: Teenager claims he had been in the woodland in Germany for the last five years until his father died

Today, police chiefs said they had approached Interpol to see if the boy matches any missing person reports.

Officers will not know the results of the inquiry until Monday.

Claudia Elitok, of Berlin Police, said: ‘He speaks fluent English and a few words in German.He remembers his name but we are not releasing it.

‘He explained that the last five years were spent in the woods with his father, then his father died and he buried him. He was walking for two weeks before getting to Berlin.

‘He has said what happened to his mother but I can’t go into that information. He was found in good condition and is being taken care of by officials.’

Detectives are going over everything Ray has told them to establish a picture of his background and biography.

Mystery: Boy, 17, turned up at Berlin City Hall, pictured, and said he had followed his compass north after his father's death. An international effort was being made to work out who he isMystery: Boy, 17, turned up at Berlin City Hall, pictured, and said he had followed his compass north after his father’s death. An international effort was being made to work out who he is

t is not known if he will accompany police to the spot where he left his father and began his journey to the capital.

A spokeswoman for the Foreign Office said: “We are aware of these reports and we are looking into them.”

It is thought consular staff could begin liaising with the authorities in Berlin on Monday if the teenager proves to be British.

Detectives are going over everything Ray has told them to establish a picture of his background and biography.

It is not known if Ray will accompany police to the spot where he left his father and began his journey to the capital.

The teenager’s story is reminiscent of the Piano Man, German Andreas Grassl, who was found wandering the streets of Sheerness, Kent, in 2005.

Despite Europe-wide appeals, no-one knew who the 20-year-old was.

For months he remained uncommunicative except for showing his accomplished pianist skills.

Yesterday Police spokesman Michael Maass said: ‘He said that he had lived for the last five years wandering around with his father. We don’t know where.’

There were reports the boy had been sent to a youth detention centre while authorities try and work out who he is.

The boy told them he did not know where he was from – and said his father had told him to travel north to Berlin if anything ever happened to him.

Video: German Police Seek Identity Of Forest Boy 

Police in Germany are trying to identify an English-speaking teenager who claims he has spent the past five years living rough in woods.

The youth, apparently 17 years old, claims he has lost his memory.

He appeared on September 5 at Berlin‘s city hall and was then taken in by a youth emergency centre.

He told police his father took him to live in the forest following his mother’s death in a car crash and that they used tents and dug holes to sleep in.

The youth explained how he used a compass to get out of the woods after his father died in a fall two weeks ago.

The boy told authorities his father called him Ray but he did not recall his last name.

 He says he does not remember where the family came from and claims he followed his compass north, eventually arriving in Berlin.

Police spokesman Michael Maass said: “He said that he had lived for the last five years wandering around with his father.”

The teenager speaks fluent English and only a few words of German and appears to be in good health, Mr Maass said.

Police have issued a Europe-wide appeal to try and determine his identity.

A spokeswoman for the Foreign Office said: “We are aware of these reports and we are looking into them.”

In 2005 the Piano Man was found wandering through the streets of Sheerness, Kent.

For months he remained uncommunicative except for showing his accomplished pianist skills.

He was eventually identified as 20-year-old Andreas Grassl from Germany.

JADE ABRAMOV NCMC924471-Family Abduction (View Poster) DOB: Mar 14, 1997 Age: 14 Missing: Oct 26, 2001 Race: White​PubCaseSearchSe… – Cached

United Kingdom Missing Person Reports – As They Come … A DISTRAUGHT son appealed yesterday for people to look out for his missing father. … on 29 June 2006 – Cached


Welcome to “Our mission as a non-profit Organisation is to bring hope to families and friends of Missing Persons by providing resources and support.


Official Website of An Garda Síochána – Ireland’s National Police Service​Default.aspx – Cached

Dublin: Artist To Live On River Liffey Desert Island For Festival

9 Sep

IRELAND IS to get a new island in September. It will be 10 metres wide, have one occupant and be in the Liffey by Dublin’s International Financial Services Centre for just two weeks.

Man-made desert island built in River Liffey


It will be created by artist Fergal McCarthy as part of this year’s Absolut Fringe Festival, the programme for which is announced today. From September 10th he will live on the island full-time for 10 days – although he will have a nearby rescue boat and many thousands of passers-by keeping an eye on him. “I love the idea of living on the Liffey, because it feels so underused, forgotten and overlooked,” explained McCarthy of his project, titled No Man’s Land. 

“It’s playful, but there is also the thought of the desert island as a metaphor for the times we live in as a country, which has been cast adrift slightly in the past year or two. Given that it’s located in the heart of the financial district, people can see it that way if they want.”

His island will be halfway across a 120-metre wide part of the river and will consist of a pontoon perched on top of concrete-filled tractor wheels.

It will be attached to ropes that will allow it move with the tide, and it will be covered in a “sandy glue” that will not wash off into the river. Palm trees, of course, will be a feature.

McCarthy – who last year placed large Monopoly houses on the river during the festival – will have a gas stove, a portable toilet and lights to keep the island glowing at night. His tent “will be lined with timber on the inside in case anything is jettisoned across the Liffey”.

No Man’s Land is among the highlights of the fringe, running from September 10th-25th. Emphasising its reputation for innovative and eclectic theatre and art, the theme of this year’s fringe is Brave New World. Festival director Róise Goan said: “It’s a response to the situation we find ourselves in. We sent out a call asking artists to imagine what a radically altered Ireland might look like and what art can contribute to changing our world.”

Highlights will include Twenty Ten , written by 80 anonymous contributors, and tracking a “tumultuous year” through a week of “episodes” that will be put together into a six-hour whole. Other shows include Man of Valour – about an “office drone” with a wild imagination – and Eternal Rising of the Sun , a dance show focusing on a single mother.

An Australian programme will bring four acclaimed works from Down Under, while Whenever I Get Blown Up I Think Of You will be a personal take on London’s 7/7 bombings.

Once again, several unusual venues will feature, including a car park, “peepholes” in clothes shops and a day-long series of tours on South William Street.

The Absolut Fringe will be inaugurated on September 10th with a performance by street theatre group Macnas – a free but ticketed event at the National Museum of Ireland at Collins Barracks.

Further details: 

London: Common Chronic Diseases Killing-Off World’s Poor ‘While Rich Profit Greatly’

9 Sep

LONDON (Reuters) – Ten years after committing to fight AIDS, the United Nations is taking on an even bigger bunch of killers — common chronic diseases — in what is shaping up to be a bruising battle between big business, Western governments and the world’s poor.

Tobacco, food and drinks companies are in the firing line for peddling products linked to cancer, diabetes and heart disease, while politicians in the rich world are accused of failing to set firm targets or provide funds for a decent fight.

“This is a once in a generation opportunity. We could save millions of lives here, and it’s shameful and immoral that industry lobbying has put short-term profits in front of a public health disaster,” Rebecca Perl of the World Lung Foundation (WLF) told Reuters. WLF has been involved in tetchy preliminary talks for several months.

The fear is that big business has successfully lobbied rich governments to be only half-hearted in battling non-communicable diseases, or NCDs, despite predictions that they could cripple healthcare systems of developing countries.

A bit like climate change, preventing and treating non-communicable diseases requires wealthy nations and multinational firms to take a near-term financial hit to help prevent poor nations being overwhelmed in the future.

In these austere times, fears are already growing that a high-level U.N. meeting in New York on September 19-20 — only the second to focus on disease after one on AIDS in 2001 — could be a flop.

The gathering will include scores of delegates from U.N. member states, including around 20 heads of government as well as representatives from public health groups, non-governmental organisations, the private sector and academia.

According to those close to the negotiations, a draft version of the political declaration that will form the cornerstone of the U.N.’s thinking on NCDs contains many platitudes but few tangible commitments.

“There are no strong, time-bound commitments in there,” Ann Keeling, chair of the NCD Alliance which groups 2,000 health organisations from around the world, told Reuters. “It’s a great disappointment from that point of view.”


The scale of the problem is immense. Around 36 million people die every year from NCDs — around 80 percent of them in poor nations where prevention programmes are virtually non-existent and access to diagnosis and treatment is very limited.

As a result, death rates from NCDs are nearly twice as high in poor countries as in the industrialised world.

Preventing these deaths — or at least a good proportion of them — isn’t rocket science. Proven measures such as reducing smoking rates, improving diets, making simple drugs available and boosting exercise could knock a huge hole in that figure.

“There is a common story that unites cancer, cardiovascular, diabetes and respiratory medicines around tobacco, alcohol, diet and exercise — and that is where we have the most cost-effective impact,” says David Kerr, president of the European Society of Medical Oncology.

The crucial sticking points are targets, taxes and money.

Stopping a billion people from lighting up every day or providing cheap drugs like aspirin and statins to prevent heart attacks and strokes may be cost effective, but the payback won’t be quick and it is unlikely to win many votes.

“The time horizon for the return on that investment is very long and beyond many political horizons. So it’s difficult to get people to commit to these kinds of resources,” says Gordon Tomaselli, president of the American Heart Association.

The NCD Alliance says spending $9 billion (5.6 billion pounds) a year on tobacco control, food advice and treatment for people with heart risks would avert tens of millions of untimely deaths this decade.

Is that a lot? By comparison, caring for HIV patients in developing countries already costs around $13 billion a year.

In contrast to the AIDS fight that was the UN’s focus a decade ago, the price of drugs is less an issue here, since many are available as cheap generics, although there are disputes over the cost of some more pricey products like insulin.


The sharpest focus this time is on makers of fatty foods, sugary drinks and — above all — the tobacco industry, which World Health Organisation director general Margaret Chan has described as “an industry that has much money and no qualms about using it in the most devious ways imaginable.”

With tobacco predicted to kill more than a billion people this century, if current trends persist, the public health lobby says if the U.N. meeting does nothing else, it should at least make a smoke-free world one of its central targets.

Smoking alone causes one in three cases of lung disease, one in four cases of cancer, and one in 10 cases of heart disease, says Perl. “So look what a bang you get for your buck there.”

Conflicted governments will find it tough. Japan Tobacco, for example, is 50 percent owned by the Japanese government, and the massive profits of U.S. cigarette makers bolster the U.S. economy.

In China, home to a third of the world’s male smokers, the combination of taxes and sales from China National Tobacco — a wholly state-owned entity — account for around 9 percent of the government’s annual fiscal revenues.

This is all the more reason, according to Paul Lincoln of the UK National Heart Forum and Jaakko Tuomilehto, an epidemiologist at the University of Helsinki, to hike cigarette taxes, curb advertising and insist on graphic health warnings.

“There are no more excuses,” said Lincoln. “We have the know-how. The challenge as ever in public health is to overcome the ideological and vested interests.”

Tuomilehto is more blunt: “It’s a crazy thing to have a product in the shops that kills every second consumer — it’s madness.”

(Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)

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Dublin: Community Protection Is A Key Goal Against Dangerous & Evil Gangs: Info

5 Sep

‘The role of prevention is important; schools are potentially the best community resource for the prevention of and early intervention into youth gang problems.

Facing the problem from the beginning might be the best weapon to stop the problem from spreading‘.

Criminal groups have been a part of history for thousands of years and their roots run deep into America’s past and culture.

Gangs are not a new phenomenon and neither are the problems associated with them.

However, they have never affected a greater portion of society as they do now.

The phenomenon of urban gangs is not confined to Bolivia, or America; it exists all over the world.

A gang can be defined as a resilient, mainly street based group of young people who see themselves (and are seen by others) as a notorious group and who engage in a range of criminal activity and violence.

They also have a territory, operate within a certain area, have some sort of gang structure and often fight with other gangs.

Let’s look at it in our local area.

Street gangs in Cochabamba have increased in terms of number and danger.

According to the “Fuerza Especial de Lucha Contra el Crimen” (FELCC – Special Force for the Fight Against Crime), in the town of Cochabamba there are about 80 street gangs which are considered of high risk, since they lead criminal acts at gunpoint.

Young people are also fighting for territory and searching for easy money and popularity by punching, kicking and killing.

The streets are not very safe and local newspapers report daily with news about murders, thefts, and robberies.

Neighbourhood watch schemes;

Social intervention, especially youth community projects and work with street gangs;

Funding for social and economic programmes, such as special school and job


Gang infiltration, reduction and imprisonment;

Organised development strategy, such as police gangs (teams) and specialized release


Dangerous gangs act in Cochabamba, among them are the “Chip Toys”, “Chuquis”, “Vatos Locos”, “Los Rojos”, “Los Gigolos”, “Los ADX” and “Los Mentes Peligrosas”.

Most of them operate in the urban zone of Cochabamba, Sacaba, Cercado, Colcapirua, Tiquipaya, Quillacollo, Vinto and Sipe Sipe.

Psychologists and sociologists have often tried to explain the problem by blaming the parents. They also highlight the responsibility of the State because they are not getting to the root of the problem and dealing with it from there.

Rapid urban population change a break down in the community, increasing poverty, and the members of the gangs feeling alone are all factors that contribute to the youth gangs’ growth.

Most of the young people who make up the gangs do not count on the support of their parents. This can be because they are divorced or because they spend a lot of time working and cannot give their children the care they need.

Daily psychological and physical violence at home can also generate a vicious cycle of violent behaviour.

The breakdown of the family is one of the main reasons that the teenagers join gangs.

Young people enter gangs hoping it will help them end their problems.

They feel they are part of a team and they are wanted and/or needed in a gang and it gives them the sense of protection they lack at home.

Indeed, reasons for joining gangs include a need or wish for recognition, status, security, power, excitement, and a new experience.

Teenagers raised in poor conditions are particularly drawn to gangs.

Many of them view joining a gang as normal and respectable, even when the consequences are a series of immature and violent acts.

Joining a gang may make up part of an expected/customary process in certain communities when they appear to have values such as honour, loyalty, and alliance.

The gang is seen more as a family than a group of teenagers.

For some youth, joining a gang may be a rational choice where the reasons for joining are for security reasons or making money.

Besides, although being a member of a youth gang may not be widely acceptable, it may be traditional among certain inner-city families.

The extent to which some families favour or actively approve participation in the gang may be another factor, particularly if the teen or the gang contributes to the family financially.

As the threats posed by gangs extend to a greater number of cities and to smaller communities, the need for better community efforts to address emerging and ongoing gang problems increases.

The basic problem seems to be that society does not know how to confront and clear up this situation.

Gangs are a complicated problem and solutions are often difficult to find in the midst of popular myths and stereotypes.

Five basic strategies have been created to deal with youth gangs in the United States. They can be used and adapted to face the problem in other countries like Bolivia, even if some sort of change is used to match the specific Bolivian problems.

Most of the young people who make up the gangs do not count on the support of their parents.

These strategies are often mixed and have to be in order for them to be a success.

Police led reduction and development strategies are often the most popular.

This is due to several factors: the ineffectiveness of the neighbourhood watch and social intervention schemes at least involving the youth gang problems; the lack of measures that mainly target or change gang structures; the changing structure of a labour market that can no longer accept unskilled and uneducated older youth gang members; and the increase in the danger that of youth gangs pose and their complexity.

Youth gangs are increasingly viewed as dangerous and evil. Community protection has become a key goal.

Vigorous law enforcement is required.

Gang members, especially leaders and serious offenders, are arrested, prosecuted, and removed from the community to serve long prison sentences.

The role of prevention is important too, schools are potentially the best community resource for the prevention of and early intervention into youth gang problems.

Facing the problem from the beginning might be the best weapon to stop the problem from spreading.

Gangs and School Safety:

Gang issues are priority concerns for many urban, suburban, and rural school, law enforcement, and other youth-service professionals.

We continue to see an upswing in school and community-based gang activity in our work on school safety across the country.

School gang activity can escalate quickly. Educators need to understand school gang prevention and preparedness measures before a crisis hits.

National School Safety and Security Services has extensive experience with school gang issues.

Our president, Kenneth Trump, created and supervised one of the most successful school district youth gang units in the early 1990s which reduced school-related gang crimes and discipline incidents in the Cleveland City School District by 39% over three years.

Ken later served three years as assistant director of a federal-funded suburban anti-gang initiative to deal with emerging gangs in suburban schools and communities.

In mid-2006, Ken was appointed by the United States Attorney of the Northern District of Ohio to serve as a Steering Committee member for the Cleveland Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative, one of six model projects in the nation awarded by U.S. Attorney General, Alberto Gonzales.

Ken served as Chairman of the Prevention Committee and as a member of the Executive Committee for the initiative.

Defining Gangs

There is no universally accepted definition of a gang. Definitions continue to be debated by the nation’s most experienced and knowledgeable academicians who study gangs.

A youth gang can be considered as a collectivity of primarily adolescents and young adults who:

interact frequently

are frequently and deliberately involved in illegal activities

share a common collective identity

and typically adopt certain methods of identification and/or claim control over certain identifying factors.

The key factor rests with their collective frequent and deliberate involvement in illegal activities and/or violations of school policies and procedures.

The focus by school and law enforcement should be on the behaviour (misconduct and/or criminal) associated with gang-behaviour in schools.

Why Do Kids Join Gangs?

Factors motivating kids to join gangs vary individual to individual. A multitude of social and economic reasons can be involved.

Power, status, security, friendship, family substitute, economic profit, substance abuse influences, and numerous other factors can influence kids to join gangs.

Gang members also cross all socio-economic backgrounds and boundaries regardless of age, sex, race, economic status, and academic achievement.

Each case must be evaluated on an individual basis, thus the importance of knowing what to look for and how to intervene early before the problem becomes entrenched!

Gang versus Non-Gang Activity

Gang violence is different from non-gang violence in several ways:

Gang violence typically involves a larger number of individuals

Gang-related violence tends to be more retaliatory and escalates much more quickly than non-gang violence

Gang activity is usually more violent in nature and often involves a greater use of weapons.

School and public safety officials must look at gang activity differently and not as one-on-one, isolated incidents.

Otherwise, the problem can escalate so quickly that a school lunchroom fight between rival gang members will escalate into a potential drive-by shooting just hours later at school dismissal.

School officials must still discipline individual students involved in gang offences on a case-by-case basis based upon their individual actions in violating school rules, but educators must see the forest with the trees and recognize that these offences are interrelated and part of a broader pattern of gang-related misconduct and violence.

Recognizing Gangs

Typically, people look for graffiti or bandannas as the main indicators of a gang presence. However, gang indicators can be quite subtle, particularly as awareness increases among school officials, law enforcement, parents, and other adults.

Depending upon the specific gang activity in a specific given school or community, gang identifiers may include:


: Unusual signs, symbols, or writing on walls, notebooks, etc.”Colours”:

Obvious or subtle colours of clothing, a particular clothing brand, jewellery, or haircuts (But not necessarily the traditional perception of colours as only bandannas)Tattoos:

Symbols on arms, chest, or elsewhere on the body”Lit” (gang literature):

Gang signs, symbols, poems, prayers, procedures, etc. in notebooks or other documentsInitiations:

Suspicious bruises, wounds, or injuries resulting from a “jumping in” type initiationHand signs:

Unusual hand signals or handshakesBehaviour

: Sudden changes in behaviour or secret meetingsand many other methods.

One or several of these identifiers may indicate gang affiliation. It is important to remember, however, that identifiers help recognize gang affiliation, but a focus on behaviour is especially important.

Educators, law enforcement, parents, and other youth-service providers need regular training and updates to monitor the changing nature of gang identifiers and, most importantly, gang behaviour in their schools and communities.

Due to the ever-evolving nature of gang identifiers, and the increasingly common trend of gang members going “lower profile” with fewer visible signs of gang membership to avoid detection by authorities, the best training on gang identifiers is often provided by local law enforcement and other gang specialists who are familiar with the latest local trends.

Denial Versus Acknowledging Gangs

Gangs thrive on anonymity, denial, and lack of awareness by school personnel.

The gang member whose notebook graffiti goes unaddressed today may be involved in initiations, assaults, and drug sales in school in the near future.

The condition that makes the school environment most ripe for gang activity is denial.

The most common initial response to gangs in almost all communities and schools is denial because public officials are more focused on image concerns for their organizations while they should be focusing on dealing with the problem.

The longer they deny, the more entrenched the problem becomes and in the end, the worse their image will be.

Even when school and community officials come out of denial and acknowledge a gang presence, they tend to downplay it and do a “qualified admittance” of the problem.

They acknowledge it when they can’t deny it any longer, but even then they tend to downplay it and underestimate the extent of a problem.

They only people those who play this political game fool in the long run is themselves because the longer they deny and downplay the problem, the worse it becomes, and the bigger gang problem and image problem – they will face in the end.

The flip side of the issue is that we also do not want to overstate the problem in a school or community, put people in unnecessary fear, or give the gangs more credit and status than they want to claim for themselves.

The majority of kids in a given school are not in a gang and do not want gang activity in their schools.

The problem, though, is that a small number of gang members, along with their associates outside of the school, can account for a very significant amount of violence in a very short period of time if their activities go unaddressed.

School officials can prevent such occurrences – or at least reduce the risks and impact of those which do occur – by training their staff on gang identification, behaviour, prevention and intervention strategies, and related school security and emergency preparedness issues.

Managing and Preventing Gangs in Schools

School and community responses requires a balanced approach of prevention, intervention, and enforcement strategies.

Schools must work very closely with law enforcement to share information on gang activity since what happens in the community spills over into the schools and vice versa.

Practical steps schools can take include:

Communicate to staff, students, and parents that schools are neutral grounds and that gang, drug, and weapon activities will receive priority response

Apply discipline in a timely, firm, fair, and consistent manner

Institute student anti-gang education and prevention programs

Establish a mechanism for student conflict mediation

Train school personnel and parents in gang identification, intervention, and prevention techniques

Obtain input from youth on violence-related concerns and prevention strategies

Establish cooperative relationships and communication networks with parents, law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies, social services, and other community members.

Set up mechanisms and structures to promote information-sharing and coordination among agencies addressing youth, gangs, and related public safety efforts.

Gangs are a community problem, but schools are a part of that community and cannot operate in isolation while hoping that the gang members will drop their gang alliances and activities once they cross the schoolhouse door.

Gang Trends and Cycles

Gang activity in many (but not all) schools and communities seemed to hit a peak in the mid-90, levelling off and declining in the late 90’s in many areas.

Of course, there are exceptions to this and it is important to say that the specific trends vary community to community.

An upswing in school and community gang activity began appearing in many school communities around the 2003-2004 school year and today we currently see a clear upward trend in gang activity in many communities across the nation.

Unfortunately, many of the gang prevention, intervention, and enforcement efforts in place in communities back in the 1990s have been disbanded, dismantled, and dissolved due to a lack of funding and community support, so many communities are starting fresh in dealing with gang problems.

Gang activity tends to be cyclical. It goes up, hits a peak, dips, and then eventually comes back up again.

The problem is that when it dips, it always seems to come back up at a higher level of violence and severity than its last peak plateau.

Gang development is a process, not an event. Schools and communities do not simply wake up one morning and find that gangs suddenly appeared overnight.

Schools must work with parents, youth, criminal justice agencies, social service officials, businesses, and the broader community representatives.

The key rests with school and community officials quickly recognizing the presence of gang behaviours and activity in a timely manner to nip it in the bud before it becomes entrenched.

Follow These Links: For More Information On Gangs & School Gang Training

Gangs and School Safety

Gang issues are priority concerns for many urban … with emerging gangs in suburban schools and communities. … other community members. Set up mechanisms and structures … – Cached

emerging gang structures in urban community results – Show only emerging gang structures in urban communities