London: Childhood Maltreatment Increases Risks Of Chronic Depression In Adulthood: Research

15 Aug

Childhood abuse doubles the risk of a life blighted by depression, a study foundEnlarge Photo

Childhood abuse doubles the risk of a life blighted by depression, a study found

Childhood abuse doubles the risk of a life blighted by depression, a study has found.

The research also shows that abused individuals are less likely to respond to depression treatments.

Scientists examined pooled data from 26 separate studies involving more than 23,000 participants. The “meta-analysis” revealed that people maltreated in childhood are twice as likely as those with no history of abuse to develop multiple and long-lasting episodes of depression.

Lead investigator Dr Andrea Danese, from the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College London, said: “Identifying those at risk of multiple and long-lasting depressive episodes is crucial from a public health perspective.

“The results of our study indicate that childhood maltreatment is associated both with an increased risk of developing recurrent and persistent episodes of depression, and with an increased risk of responding poorly to treatment.

“Therefore, prevention and early therapeutic interventions targeting childhood maltreatment could prove vital in helping prevent the major health burden owing to depression. Knowing that individuals with a history of maltreatment won’t respond as well to treatment may also be valuable for clinicians in determining patients’ prognosis.”

One in 10 children worldwide is exposed to maltreatment including psychological, physical or sexual abuse or neglect.

Previous research has shown that abused individuals are prone to abnormalities in biological systems sensitive to psychological stress both in childhood and adult life. These may include the brain and hormonal and immune systems.

Dr Danese added: “The biological abnormalities associated with childhood maltreatment could potentially explain why individuals with a history of maltreatment were found to be more likely than non-maltreated individuals to respond poorly to treatment for depression.”

The research is published today in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

HELPLINES:

www.spunout.ie & www.teenline.ie & www.letsomeoneoneknow.ie & www.3ts.ie

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: